Health Research

The Office of Community Health and Research has written more than 100 scientific articles, published in a variety of scientific and medical journals. Click the links below to be directed to each article.


Robbins JM, Bridges MD, Childers EM, Harris RM, McElfish PA. Lessons from prenatal care provider-based recruitment into the National Children’s Study. Pediatr Rep. 2015 Sep.; 7(3): 6056

Donoho G, McElfish PA, Avants R, Hallgren EA. A novel recruiting and surveying method: Participatory research during a Pacific Islander community’s traditional cultural event. International Journal of Community Research and Engagement. 2015; 8(1):150-9

McElfish PA, Kohler PO, Smith C, Warmack S, Buron B, Hudson JS, Bridges MD, Purvis RS, Rubon-Chutaro J. Community-driven research agenda to reduce health disparities. Clin Transl Sci. 2015 Dec.; 8(6): 690-5

McElfish PA, Bridges MD, Hudson JS, Purvis RS, Bursac Z, Kohler PO, Goulden PA. Family model of diabetes education with a Pacific Islander community. Diabetes Educ. 2015 Dec.; 41(6): 706-15


McElfish PA, Hallgren EA, Henry LJ, Ritok M, Rubon-Chutaro J, Kohler PO. Health beliefs of US Marshallese regarding type 2 diabetes. Am J Health Behav. 2016 Mar.; 40(2): 248-57

McElfish PA, Moore R, Woodring DW, Purvis RS, Maskarinec GG, Bing WI, Hudson J, Kohler PO, Goulden PA. Social ecology and diabetes self-management among Pacific Islanders in Arkansas. J Fam Med Dis Prev. 2016 Mar.; 2(1):026

Cardenas VM, Orloff MS, Kaminaga J, Cardenas IC, Brown J, Hainline-Williams S, Duthie MS, Gonzalez-Puche AC, Mukasa L, Patil N, McElfish PA, Bates JH. Tuberculosis and leprosy infections in the Marshallese population of Arkansas, USA. Lepr Rev. 2016 Mar.; 87(1):109-12

Scott A, Shreve M, Ayers B, McElfish PA. Breast-feeding perceptions, beliefs and experiences of Marshallese migrants: an exploratory study. Public Health Nutr. 2016 Nov.; 19(16): 3007-3016 Epub 2016 May 27.

McElfish PA. Marshallese COFA Migrants in Arkansas. J Ark Med Soc. 2016 May; 112(13):259-262.

McElfish PA, Purvis RS, Maskarinec GG, Bing WI, Jacob CJ, Ritok M, Rubon-Chutaro J, Lang S, Mamis S, Riklon S. Interpretive policy analysis: Marshallese COFA migrants and the Affordable Care Act. Int J Equity in Health. 2016 Jun;15(1):91.

Hale DE, Wyatt SB, Buka S, Cherry D, Cislo KK, Dudley DJ, McElfish PA, Norman GS, Reynolds SA, Siega-Riz AM, Wadlinger S, Walker CK, Robbins JM. The National Children’s Study: Recruitment outcomes using the provider-based recruitment approach. Pediatrics. 2016 Jun;137(Suppl 4):S239-47.

McElfish PA, Goulden PA, Bursac Z, Hudson J, Purvis RS, Yeary KHK, Aitaoto N, Kohler PO. Engagement practices that join scientific methods with community wisdom: Designing a patient-centered, randomized control trial with a Pacific Islander community. Nursing Inquiry. 2016 June

McElfish PA, Post J, Rowland B. A social ecological and community-engaged perspective for addressing health disparities among Marshallese in Arkansas. Int J Nurs Clin Pract. 2016 Jul;3(191).

Long CR, Stewart MK, Cunningham TV, Warmack TS, McElfish PA. Health research participants’ preferences for receiving research results. Clinical Trials. 2016 Aug.


McElfish PA, Rowland B, Long CR, Hudson J, Piel M, Buron B, Riklon S, Bing WI, Warmack TS. Diabetes and hypertension in Marshallese adults: Results from faith-based health screenings. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. 2017;4(6):1042-1050.

Purvis RS, Bing WI, Jacob C, Lang S, Mamis S, Ritok M, Rubon-Chutaro J, McElfish PA. Community health warriors: Marshallese community health workers’ perceptions and experiences with CBPR and community engagement. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action. 2017;11(3): 315-320.

Purvis RS, Abraham TH, Long CR, Stewart MK, Warmack TS, McElfish PA. Qualitative study of participants’ perceptions regarding research dissemination. AJOB Empirical Bioethics. 2017;8(2):69-74.

McElfish PA, Long CR, Rowland B, Moore S, Wilmoth R, Ayers B. Improving culturally appropriate care using a community-based participatory approach: evaluation of a multicomponent cultural competency training program, Arkansas, 2015-2016. Prev Chronic Dis. 2017 Aug; 14:170014.

Yeary KHK, Long CR, Bursac Z, McElfish PA. Design of a randomized, controlled, comparative-effectiveness trial testing a Family Model of Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) vs. Standard DSME for Marshallese in the United States. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communication. 2017; 6:97-104.

McElfish PA, Narcisse M, Long CR, Ayers B, Hawley NL, Aitaoto N, Ricklon S, Su JL, Ima SZ, Wilmoth RO, Schulz TK, Kadlubar S. Leveraging community-based participatory research capacity to recruit Pacific Islanders in Arkansas into a genetics study. Journal of Community Genetics. 2017 Oct;8(4): 283-291.

Felix H, Li X, Rowland B, Long CR, Yeary KHK, McElfish PA. Physical activity and diabetes-related health beliefs of Marshallese Adults. Am J Health Behav. 2017 Sep; 41(5):553-560.

Long CR, Rowland B, Steelman S, McElfish PA. Outcomes of disease management and prevention interventions in food pantries and food banks: protocol for a scoping review. BMJ Open. 2017 Oct; 7(10):e018022.

Long CR, Stewart MK, McElfish PA. Health research participants are not receiving research results: a collaborative solution is needed. Trials. 2017:18:449. Published online 2017 Oct 2.

McElfish PA, Hudson J, Schulz TK, Warmack TS, Moore R, Purvis RS, Dalke M, Buron B. Developing an Interprofessional Student-Led Clinic to Address Health Disparities in a Pacific Islander Migrant Community. Journal of Student-Run Clinics. 2017;3(1):1-7.

Yeary KH, Aitaoto N, Sparks K, Ritok-Lakien M, Hudson JS, Goulden PA, Bing WI, Riklon S, Rubon-Chutaro J, McElfish PA. Cultural adaptation of diabetes self-management education for Marshallese residing in the US: Lessons learned in curriculum development. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action. 2017;11(3): 253-261.

Felix H, Rowland B, Long CR, Narcisse MR, Piel M, Goulden PA, McElfish PA. Diabetes self-care behaviors among Marshallese adults living in the United States. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 2017 Dec; [Epub ahead of print].

Ayers BL, Hawley NL, Purvis RS, Moore SJ, McElfish PA. Providers’ perspectives of barriers to maternal health care among Marshallese women. Women and Birth. 2017 Nov 7. Pii: S1871-5192(17)30287-1. doi: 10.1016/j.wombi.2017.10.006. [Epub ahead of print]

Moore S, Bing W, Stephens RM, McElfish PA. Marshallese Population in Northwest Arkansas: Cultural Competency Training for Medical Staff and Health Care Providers CES4Health. 2017 March.

Moore S, Vargas C, Stephens RM, McElfish PA. Hispanic Population in Northwest Arkansas: Cultural Competency Training for Medical Staff and Health Care Providers CES4Health. 2017 March.

Moore S, Vargas C, Stephens RM, McElfish PA. Hispanic Population in Northwest Arkansas: Cultural Competency Training for Medical Staff and Health Care Providers CES4Health. 2017 March.


McElfish PA, Moore R, Buron B, Hudson J, Long CR, Purvis RS, Schultz TK, Rowland B, Warmack TS. Integrating interprofessional education and cultural competency training to address health disparities. Teaching and Learning in Medicine. 2018 Apr; 30(2):213-222.

McElfish PA, Long CR, Payakachat N, Felix H, Bursac Z, Rowland B, Hudson JS, Narcisse MR. Cost-related nonadherence to medication treatment plans: Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander National Health Interview Survey, 2014. Medical Care. 2018 Apr; 56(4):341-349.

McElfish PA, Ayers BL, Purvis RS, Long CR, Sinclair K, Esquivel M, Steelman SC, 2017. Best Practices for Community-Engaged Participatory Research with Pacific Islander Communities in the US and USAPI: Protocol for a Scoping Review. BMJ Open. 2018; 8(1):e019653.

McElfish PA, Long CR, Stephens RM, Spencer N, Rowland B, Spencer HJ, Stewart MK. Assessing community health priorities and perceptions about health research: A foundation for a community-engaged research program. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement. 2018 Mar; 22(1):107-128.

McElfish PA, Ayers BL, Lelan M, Moore R. Addressing Health Disparities in Marshallese Migrants. Annals of Human Biology. 2018 45(3):264-271.

Matthews EE, Li C, Long CR, Narcisse MR, Martin B, McElfish PA. 2017. Sleep deficiency among Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, Black, and White Americans and the association with cardiometabolic diseases: Analysis of the National Health Interview Survey data. Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation. 2018;4(3):273-283.

Ayers B, Purvis RS, Bing WI, Rubon-Chutaro J, Hawley N, Delafield R, Adams IK, McElfish PA. Structural and socio-cultural barriers to prenatal care in a US Marshallese community. Maternal and Child Health. 2018; 22(7):1067-1076.

McElfish PA. 2018 Lessons learned with Marshallese faith-based organizations to screen for hypertension and diabetes. J Reg Med Campuses. Vol. 1, Issue 3 (2018)

Rowland B, Mayes K, Faitak B, Stephens RM, Long CR, McElfish PA. Improving health while alleviating hunger: best practices of a successful hunger relief organization. Curr Dev Nutr. 2018 Jun 22;2(9):nzy057.

McElfish PA, Rowland B, Ayers BL, O’Connor GE, Purvis RS, Aitaoto N, Capelle L, Lealan M, Felix HC, Stewart MK, Yeary KHK. Development and evaluation of a community-engaged research training program: building capacity of Marshallese stakeholders and academic researchers to conduct health research. Gateways. 2018 September; 11(2):e1. [In press]. Accepted 31 July 2018.

McElfish PA, Purvis RS, Stewart MK, James L, Yeary KK, Long CR. Health research funding agencies’ policies, recommendations, and tools for dissemination. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action. Winter 2018;12(4):473-482.

McElfish PA, Chughtai A, Low LK, Garner R, Purvis RS. ‘Just Doing the Best We Can’: Health Care Providers’ Perceptions of Barriers to Providing Care to Marshallese Patients in Arkansas. Ethnicity & Health. Published online: 04 May 2018.

Low LK, Purvis RS, Cunningham TV, Chughtai A, Garner R, McElfish PA. Ethical dilemmas encountered by health care providers caring for Marshallese migrants in Northwest Arkansas. Advance online publication for Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics on Project Muse: August 15, 2018.

Narcisse MR, Long CR, Felix H, Rowland B, Bursac Z, McElfish PA. The mediating role of sleep quality and quantity in the link between food insecurity and obesity across race and ethnicity. Obesity. 2018 Sep;26(9):1509-1518.

McElfish PA, Long CR, Selig JP, Rowland B, Purvis RS, James L, Holland A, Felix HC, Narcisse MR. Health research participation, opportunity, and willingness among minority and rural communities of Arkansas. Clin Transl Sci. [Epub 2018 May 17].

McElfish PA, Purvis RS, Long CR. Researchers’ experiences with and perceptions of returning results to participants study protocol. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communication. 2018;11:95-98.

McElfish PA, Long CR, Kaholokula JK, Aitaoto N, Bursac Z, Capelle L, Laelan M, Bing WI, Riklon S, Rowland B, Ayers BL, Wilmoth RO, Langston KN, Schootman M, Yeary KHK. Design of a comparative effectiveness randomized controlled trial testing a faith-based Diabetes Prevention Program (WORD DPP) vs. a Pacific culturally-adapted Diabetes Prevention Program (PILI DPP for Marshallese in the US. Medicine. 2018 May; 97(19):e0677.

Narcisse MR, Felix H, Long C, Hudson T, Payakachat N, Bursac Z, McElfish PA. Frequency and Predictors of Health Services Use by Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders. BMC Health Serv Res. 2018; 18: 575. Published online 2018 Jul 21.

Long CR, Rowland B, Langston K, Faitak B, Sparks K, Rowe V, McElfish PA. Reducing the intake of sodium in community settings: evaluation of year one activities in the Sodium Reduction in Communities Program, Arkansas, 2016-2017. Prev Chronic Dis. 2018 December; 15:180310.

McElfish PA, Balli ML, Hudson JS, Long CR, Hudson T, Wilmoth R, Rowland B, Warmack TS, Purvis RS, Shulz T, Riklon S, Holland A, Dickey T. Identifying and understanding barriers and facilitators to medication adherence among Marshallese adults in Arkansas. J Pharm Technol. 2018. 34(5): 204-215.

Rao RR, Jensen H, Schulz T, McElfish PA. Novel Clinical Needs Finding Course Brings Biomedical Engineering Students Together with Regional Medical Campus Students, Residents, and Faculty to Solve Real-World Problems. J Reg Med Campuses. 2018;1(4).

McSweeney JC, Boateng B, James L, McElfish PA, Robinson D, Hatley S, Christie P, Indelicato N. Developing and launching a research participant registry. Health Commun. 2018 May 1:1-7. [Epub ahead of print].

Huff-Davis A, Cornell CE, McElfish P, Yeary KHK. Strategies to facilitate equitable resource sharing in community-engaged research. Progress in Community Health Partnerships. 2018;12(2): 173-177.

Adams IR, Okoli CTC, Krok-Schoen JL, Hartel L, Keita AD, Figueroa W, Polanin JR, McElfish PA, Kanesiro MH. Physical activity among Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2018 Dec 6. pii: S1499-4046(18)30796-6 [Epub ahead of print]


McElfish PA, Smith L, Sparks K, Bing WI, Lang S, Estes A, Stephens RM. A community-based participatory approach to promote healthy eating habits among Marshallese. Hawai’I Journal of Health & Social Welfare. November 2019; 78(11): 332-337.

Ayers BL, Purvis RS, Bing W, Ritok M, Iban A, Capelle L, Hawley N, Delafield R, McElfish PA. Maternal Health Beliefs, Perceptions, and Experiences in a US Marshallese Community. Journal of Transcultural Nursing. Epub date June 11, 2019.

Johnson K, Shreve M, Scott A, Ayers BL, Seaton V, Capelle L, McElfish PA. 2019. Marshallese Beliefs, Perceptions, and Practices Related to Child-feeding Among Marshallese in the United States: Implications for Childhood Obesity. Nutr Metab Insights. 2019

McElfish PA, Rowland B, Riklon S, Aitaoto N, Sinclair K, Ima S, Kadlubar SA, Goulden PA, Hudson JS, Mamis S, Long CR. Development and evaluation of a blood glucose monitoring YouTube video for Marshallese patients using a community-based participatory research approach. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice. 2019;20(4): 205-215.

Narcisse MR, Rowland B, Long CR, Bursac Z, Felix H, McElfish PA. Heart attack and stroke symptoms knowledge of Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders: findings from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey. Health Promotion Practice. 2019; Apr:1524839919845669. [Epub ahead of print].

Ayers BL, Shreve M, Scott A, Seaton V, Johnson K, Hawley NL, Rowland B, Moore R, McElfish PA. Social and economic influences on infant and child feeding practices in a Marshallese community. Public Health Nutr. 2019 February; 22:1-10 [Epub ahead of print].

Nembhard, WN, Ayers BL, Collins TR, Shan X, Rabie NZ, Chang D, Robbins JM, McElfish PA. Adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes among Marshallese women living in the United States. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2019 Jun 21. [Epub ahead of print].

Long CR, Rowland B, McElfish PA. Intervention to improve access to fresh fruits and vegetables among Arkansas food pantry clients. Prev Chronic Dis. 2019 January; 16:180155.

Felix H, Narcisse MR, Rowland B, Long CR, Bursac Z, McElfish PA. Level of recommended heart attack knowledge among Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders. Hawaii J Med Public Health. 2019 February; 78(2):61-65.

Long CR, Rowland B, Steelman S, McElfish PA. Outcomes of disease management and prevention interventions in food pantries and food banks: a scoping review. BMJ Open. 2019;9:e029236.

Payakachat N, Long CR, McElfish PA, Narcisse MR, Felix HC, Bursac Z, Hudson TJ. Prevalence, health and resource utilization, and unmet healthcare needs of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander children with developmental disabilities. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. 2019; 124(3)234-247.

McElfish PA, Yeary K, Sinclair K, Steelman S, Esquivel M, Aitoato N, Kaholokula’ JK, Purvis RS, Ayers BL. 2018. Best Practices of Community-Engaged Research with Pacific Islander Communities in the US and USAPI: A Scoping Review. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 2019;30(4): 1302-1330.

Seaton VA, Narcisse MR, Subica AM, Long CR, Matthews EE, Mcelfish PA. Sleep Quality Partially Mediates the Association between Type 2 Diabetes and Psychological Distress in Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Adults in the United States: Analysis of the 2014 National Health Interview Survey. Asian American Journal of Psychology. 2019;10(3): 258-267.

Long CR, Purvis RS, Flood-Grady E, Kimminau KS, Rhyne RL, Burge MR, Stewart MK, Jenkins AJ, James LP, McElfish PA. Health researchers’ experiences, perceptions, and barriers related to sharing study results with participants. Health Research Policy and Systems. 2019;17(25):1-11.

Narcisse MR, Long CR, Felix HC, Howie EK, Purvis RS, McElfish PA. Adherence to sleep guidelines reduces risk of overweight/obesity in addition to 8-5-2-1-0 guidelines among a large sample of adolescents in the United States. Sleep Health. 2019 Apr 22. pii: S2352-7218(19)30071-3.

Felix H, Narcisse MR, Long CR, English E, Haggard-Duff L, Purvis RS, McElfish PA. The Effect of Family Diabetes Self-management Education on Self-care Behaviors of Marshallese Adults with Type 2 Diabetes. Am J Health Behav. 2019;43(3):490-497.

McElfish PA, Long CR, Kohler PO, Yeary KHK, Bursac Z, Narcisse MR, Felix HC, Rowland B, Hudson JS, Goulden PA. Comparative effectiveness and maintenance of diabetes self-management education interventions for Marshallese patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care. 2019; 42(5):849-858. [Epub 12 March 2019].

Sinclair KA, Pritchard D, McElfish PA. An intersectional mixed methods approach to Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander men’s health. Asian American Journal of Psychology. 2019;10(3):268-281.

Hsu PC, Kadlubar SA, Su LJ, Acheampong D, Rogers LJ, Runnells G, McElfish PA, Schootman M. County poverty levels influence genome-wide DNA methylation profiles in African American and European American women. Translational Cancer Research. 2019;8(2):683-692.

McElfish PA, Purvis RS, Esquivel MK, Sinclair KA, Ing CT, Hawley N, Haggard-Duff LK, Kaholokula JK. Diabetes disparities and promising interventions to address diabetes in Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander populations. Current Diabetes Reports. 2019;19(5):19.

Nembhard W, McElfish PA, Ayers BL, Collins RT, Rabie NZ, Zarate Y, Shan X, Cen R. Nuclear Radiation and Prevalence of Structural Birth Defects among Infants Born to Women from the Marshall Islands. Birth Defects Res. 2019 Oct 1:111(16):1192-1204. Epub 2019 Jul 16.

McElfish PA, Ayers BL, Felix H, Long CR, Borsac Z, Kaholokula JK, Riklon S, Bing W, Iban A, Yeary K. How stakeholder engagement influenced a randomized comparative effectiveness trial testing two Diabetes Prevention Program interventions in a Marshallese Pacific Islander Community. J Transl med. 2019 Feb 11:17(1):42.

Hawley NL, Suss R, Cash HL, Aitaota N, Samoa R, Ayers BL, McElfish PA. Diabetes Prevention and Care Programs in the US Affiliated Pacific Islands: Challenges, Innovations, and Recommendations for Effective Scale-Up. Curr Diab Rep.2019;19(5):24.

McElfish PA, Post J, Rowland B, Long CR. Family models of diabetes self-management education: the current evidence and critical gaps in knowledge. EMJ Diabet. 2019;7(1):59-61.

Balli ML, Dickey TA, Purvis RS, Warmack TS, Riklon S, McElfish PA. “You want to give the best care possible, and you know when they leave your pharmacy, you didn’t give the best care possible most of the time”: Pharmacist and Community Health Worker-identified barriers and facilitators to medication adherence in Marshallese patients. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2019 Feb 8. [Epub ahead of print]

Wang ML, Mcelfish PA, Long CR, Lee MS, Bursac Z, Kozak AT, Ko LK, Kulik N, Yeary KHK. BMI and related risk factors among U.S. Marshallese with diabetes and their families. Ethn Health. 2019 Jul 10; 1-13. [Epub ahead of print].

Hadden KB, Prince LY, Rojo MO, Selig JP, McElfish PA. Screening Spanish-speaking patients for low health literacy. Health Lit Res & Pract. 2019;3(2):e110-e116.

McElfish PA, Su LJ, Lee J, Henry-Tillman R, Runnells G, Kadlubar S. Mobile Mammography Screening as an Opportunity to Increase Access of Rural Women to Breast Cancer Research Studies. Breast Cancer (Auckl). 2019; 13: 1178223419876296. Published online 2019 Sept 23.

McElfish PA, Purvis RS, Riklon S, Yamada S. COFA Migrants and Health Insurance Policies: Barriers and Solutions to Improve Health Equity. Inquiry. 2019;56: 1-5.

Long CR, Narcisse MR, Rowland B, Faitak B, Caspi CE, Gittelsohn J, McElfish PA. Written nutrition guidelines, client choice distribution, and adequate refrigerator storage are positively associated with increased offerings of Feeding America’s Detailed Foods to Encourage (F2E) in a large sample of Arkansas food pantries. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2020 May;120(5): 792-803.e5. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

McElfish PA, Long CR, James LP, Scott AJ, Flood-Grady E, Kimminau KS, Rhyne RL, Burge MR, Purvis RS. Characterizing health researcher barriers to sharing results with study participants. Journal of Clinical & Translational Science. 2019; 3(6):295-301.

Holland A, Butler A, McElfish PA, Hudson J, Jordan L, Warmack S. A Regional Campus Approach to Interprofessional Education for Healthcare Students. J Reg Med Campuses. 2019;2(4).

Stahr SD, Runnells GA, Rogers LJ, McElfish PA, Kadlubar SA, Su LJ. Association between breast cancer risk and leisure physical activity in a rural cohort population. Transl Cancer Res 2019;8(Suppl 4): S366-S377.


Narcisse MR, Dobbs P, Long CR, Purvis RS, Kimminau K, McElfish PA. Electronic cigarette use and psychological distress in Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander adults compared to other racial/ethnic groups: Data from the National Health Interview Survey, 2014. J Community Psychol. 2020;48(2):225-236.

Purvis RS, Long CR, Eisenberg LR, Hester DM, Cunningham TV, Holland A, Chatrathi HE, McElfish PA. First do no harm: ethical concerns of health researchers that discourage the sharing of results with research participants. AJOB Empirical Bioethics. 2020. [Epub ahead of print]

Dickey TA, Balli ML, Warmack TS, Rowland B, Hudson J, Seaton V, Riklon S, Purvis RS, McElifsh PA. Perceptions and utilization of traditional healing among Marshallese adults residing in Arkansas. Complement Ther Med. 2020 April 8; [Epub ahead of print].

Bollinger MJ, Hudson TJ, Hu B, Han X, Long CR, McElfish PA. The relationship between sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical variables and pain in the Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander population. Asian American Journal of Psychology. 2020;11(1):49-58.

Purvis RS, Eisenberg LR, Trudeau CR, Long CR, McElfish PA. Facilitators, barriers, and recommendations related to the informed consent of Marshallese in a randomized control trial. Clinical Ethics. 2020 February. [Epub ahead of print].

McElfish PA, Long CR, Bursac Z, Scott AJ, Felix HC, Schulz TK, Worley MA, Rowland, B. Diabetes self-management education exposure and glycated hemoglobin levels among Marshallese participants in a randomized controlled study. Diabet Med. 2020; 37(2):319-325.

McElfish PA, Ayers BL, Riklon S, Selig JP, Yeary KHK, Carleton A, Wilmoth R, Laukon F, Gittelsohn J, Netwon M, Long CR. Study protocol for a multilevel diabetes prevention program for Marshallese Pacific Islanders in Faith-based organizations. Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2020; 17:100528.

Long CR, Rowland B, Ayers BL, McElfish PA, Narcisse MR. Food security status of Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders in the US: analysis of a national survey. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2020. [Epub ahead of print].

McElfish PA, Purvis RS, Scott AJ, Haggard-Duff LK, Riklon S, Long CR. “The results are encouragements to make positive changes to be healthier: qualitative evaluation of Marshallese participants’ perceptions when receiving study results in a randomized control trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications. 2020; 17: 100543.

Li C, Narcisse MR, Mcelfish PA. Medical Financial Hardship Reported by Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Cancer Survivors Compared to Non-Hispanic Whites. Cancer. 20 March 2020.

McElfish PA, Long CR, Scott AJ, Hudson JS, Haggard-Duff L, Holland A, Schulz TK, Wilmoth RO, Selig JP.  Pilot Implementation of the Marshallese Adapted-Family Model DSME in a Clinical Setting. J Prim Care Community Health.2020; 11:1-7.